Ministry of Finance Japan
«81 conventions,etc. applicable to 146 jurisdictions; as of November 1, 2021»（see notes 1 and 2）
(Note 1) Since the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters is a multilateral convention, and the tax conventions with the former Soviet Union and with the former Czechoslovakia were succeeded by more than one jurisdiction, the numbers of jurisdictions do not correspond to those of tax conventions, etc.
(Note 2) The breakdown of the numbers of conventions, etc. and jurisdictions is as follows:
・Tax convention (a convention principally for the elimination of double taxation and the prevention of tax evasion and avoidance); 68 conventions applicable to 76 jurisdictions.
・Tax information exchange agreement (a convention principally for the exchange of information regarding tax matters); 11 conventions applicable to 11 jurisdictions (These jurisdictions are marked with (*) above).
・Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters; Entered into force by 114 jurisdictions (not including Japan) (These jurisdictions are underlined above) and applicable to 132 jurisdictions due to the extension of the application of the Convention (Jurisdictions to which the Convention is extended are underlined above with dotted lines). 58 jurisdictions out of 132 do not have a bilateral convention with Japan.
・Private-sector tax arrangement with Taiwan; 1 jurisdiction
(Note 3) As for Taiwan, a framework equivalent to a tax convention is established in combination of (1) a private-sector tax arrangement between the Interchange Association (Japan) and the Association of East Asian Relations (Taiwan) and (2) Japanese domestic legislation to implement the provisions of the private-sector tax arrangement in Japan.(The two associations are now named Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association (Japan) and Taiwan-Japan Relations Association (Taiwan), respectively.)